Bhanbhro (Sindhi: ڀنڀرو, Urdu: بھنبھرو ), also known as Bhambhro/ Bhanbhra/ Bhanbhri is a Sindhi people tribe in Sindh, Pakistan. A group over a population of 0.4 million, they are largely found to South Asia (Pakistan and India). In Pakistan they are in Sindh, (Naushahro Feroze, khairpur, Sukkur, Thar, Umar Kot, Kaacho, Shahdad Pur, Salih patt, and Shikar Pur. In India Bhanbhro are found in Rajisthan, Jaisal Mir, Kuch, Gujrat, Punjab and in other parts of Country. Bhanbhro predominantly adhere to Sunni Islam. Historically Bhanbhro are very hard workers.
There are different theories regarding the meaning of word Bhanbhro:
'Bhanbhooree' is a Sindhi & Hindi name of grasshopper. In old times, the names of animals, Insects, & plants have been used on human beings in Sindhi & Hindi culture. Bhanbhooree name sounds very similar to the present name Bhanbhro. Grammatically the part 'ree' of Bhanbhooree refers to female (like Ghoro & Ghoree, Jhirrik & Jhirrikee, and Chokro & Chokree). So it may b possible that in old times our forefather was known as Bhanbhoro (due to masculine in nature) but by gradual change in passage of time & lack of education people started using a slang of Bhanbhoro as Bhanbhro for male & Bhanbhree for female.
Bhinbhra: Bhinbhra is a Sindhi word. It means that the darkness in atmosphere right before the sun rise.
Bhanbhro may also b a combination of two words...
- 1- Bun+Baro: Bun means 'decoration' & Baro means 'a type of goat'. Combined meaning will b 'the decorated goat'.
- 2- Bun+Bharo: Bun means 'decoration' & Bharo means 'to move or to increase. Combined meaning will b 'the increase in beauty or decoration'.
- 3- Bhan+Bharo: Bhan means 'a net to trap animals' & Bharo means 'to increase or to move'. Combined meaning will b 'to increase or to move a net to trap fishes & animals'.
- 4- Bum+Bharo: Bum means 'Danger or Terror' and Bharo means 'to move or to increase'. Combined meaning will b 'The increase in Danger or Terror'.
We still do not have a well versed verification about the age of Bhanbhro Tribe but it is believed by historians that the ancient "Bhanbra City" (also known as Birhmanabad or Shahdad Pur) was named after Bhanbhro tribe in 102-319 A.D. So Bhanbhro tribe is approximately 1700 to 1900 years old tribe. In Bhanbra city (new name Shahdad Pur/ Rohri), we still find a huge number of well estabilished and big land lords of Bhanbhro tribe which proves the validity and authencity of the history of Bhanbhro tribe.
Tehiri calls the city of Dalu Rai as "Babanwah Banbhra" (pp.27-29), the same name as used by Chach Nama p. 217. Tuhrat-ul Kiram calls the city as Banbhra. A famous town of Mansura-Brahmanabad, which was used by decoits to locate cattle as well as troop movements before laying hands on these animals. The tower was destroyed by Ghulam Shah Kalora and the remnants of it are considered to be Buddhist Stupa, converted into Minar for Muizan to call people to prayers. Dr. Baloch on pp. 290 and 292-93 states that these are the ruins of Mansura, and not Babanwah i.e., Banbhra or Brahmanabad as common people believe, but the ruins of Babanwah (Banbhra City or Brahmanabad) are at Depar Ganghro, six miles to the east. He further states that after Hakam al Kalbi built a new town of Mansura. Common man started calling it (New Brahmanabad or Brahmanabad Jadid, and old city of Brahmanabad became Brahmanabad qadeem. No evidence is given for this except that of Biladhuri, who mention the word Brahmanabad Qadeem. The word Brahmanabad Jadid has for the first time appeared in 1964.
Bhanbra city was also know. As "Bhanbhra jo Thul" was a large fortified city, built entirely of backed bricks and had a circumference of 4 miles as measured by perambulator. It appeared to be a commercial city, entirely surrounded with rampart, mounted with numerous turrents and battiness. It is believed that the house of King Dalari was 1 to 2 miles away from Bhanbra City.
There is a large Union Concil in Padidan City (District Naushahro Feroze) with the name of "Deh Bhanbhri". It is the documented record that the entire land (around 700 or 1200 acres) of Deh Bhanbhri was of our grand to grand parents, that is why it was known as "Deh Bhanbri" or "Bhanbra State". At around 1918 A.D Brittish Army made an offer to Muhammad Usman Bhanbhro (my Grand Father), Allah Dino Bhanbhro and Attur Bhanbhro to get back the land of "Deh Bhanbhri" but they denied to receive possessions.
Sindhi & Rajistani:
It is said that Bhanbhro tribe is also found in Rajistan India and they speak Rajistani.
Bhanbhro tribe is a Muslim person born within a Bhanbhro family which traces its ancestry back to the descendants of the community originating from Sindh whose members first embraced Islam,
Bhanbhros speak a written language called Sindhi. It is also believed that in early times of Indus Valley Civilization, Bhanbhros used to speak Sindhi and write in Persian alphabet and [Devanagari]] script.
Bhanbhro tribe mostly follow the Sunni Islam although some follow Hanafi, Wahabi..
- Darya Khan Bhanbhro (Chief Sardar of Bhanbhro tribe)
- Late Allah Ditto Bhanbhro
- Ghullam Farooq Bhanbhro
- Wali Muhammad Roshan Bhanbhro (Chairman, Bhanbhra Welfare Association(WFA))
- Ameer Bhanbhro (Chairman, Sindh National Party)
- Atta Muhammad Bhanbhro (Great Resecher on Sindhi Language)
- Abbass Bhanbhro (Political Analyst and Generalist)
- Samo Khan Bhanbhro (Big Land Lord)
- Late Shaukat Bhanbhro (Big Land Lord)
- Sono Khan Bhanbhro (Landlord)
- Manthar Bhanbhro (Member Bhanbhra Welfare Association)